Statutory Regulations
Cottesmore School
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Statutory Regulations


Infection Control Policy

When people live or work closely together they are more at risk from spreading disease. When a person has an infectious illness strict precautions will be observed.

Aim:
· To minimise the risk of spreading disease within the school environment.
· To train and inform staff so they are aware of any risks and the precautions to be taken to prevent the spread of infection.
· Provide preventative measures such as procedure, training and personal protective equipment.
· Record all incidents of infection.
· Report notifiable infections to the local enforcing authority.

Control of infection
· In cases of infection, all areas will be identified and procedures implemented to control the risk of infection being spread.
· Advice will be sought from the Schools Medical Officer and The Health
 
Protection if necessary.
· Where required, staff involved will be given ad hoc training in the particular infection control procedures.
· Close communication will be maintained with parents/guardians in the case of infections to pupils.
 
Procedures for control of infectious disease
· If an infectious disease is suspected, the School’s Medical Officer will be contacted.
· Subject to the Medical Officer’s advice, any boarding pupils suspected of being infectious should be isolated and if possible and necessary will be sent home or to their guardians home.  Any day pupils suspected of being infectious should not be allowed to come to school.
· All toilet seats, handles, hand basins and taps will be disinfected after use by any infected person.
· The contaminated clothing/bedding will be placed in alginate bags in a washing machine and washed at a minimum temperature of 60C or the hottest wash the fabric will tolerate.
· Cleaning schedules will be prepared.
· Staff are to wear disposable portable protective equipment (PPE), available in surgery.
· Reports of any incidences of fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, rashes, discharges, are to be reported to the Nurse or a matron and documented.
· Infected staff should not return to work until at least 48 hours if vomiting and diarrohea has occurred, or unless cleared by a GP.
· Any cases of food poisoning or other related infections will be reported to the local Environmental Health Officer and records will be kept.
· Any notifiable diseases will be reported to the local Health Protection Agency and relevant records kept.
Prevention of infection – Procedure to clear up body spillage
· In cases of any spillage of blood, bodily fluids, or excreta, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), including disposable plastic gloves and disposable aprons, must be worn and disposed of appropriately after use. (Body spillage kits are available from the  Surgery)
· Any body fluid spills: blood, faeces, nasal and eye discharges, saliva and vomit will be immediately clean up using PPE. It is important to avoid getting splashes in eyes, nose, mouth or open sores or cuts. Any surfaces where spills have occurred will be cleaned and disinfected (following manufacturer’s instructions) that will kill both bacteria and viruses.
· Should there be a spillage of bodily fluids, carpet and fabric emergency clean-up powder sanitaire sachets are  situated in Surgery, the dining Hall, Pre-Prep and in each Matrons ‘caddy’ in their rooms.
· Any mops used should be cleaned in a cleaning equipment sink, rinsed with disinfectant solution and dried.
· Small quantities of clinical waste should be double bagged and disposed of via the household refuse system in black bin bags.
Prevention of infection – Dealing with “sharps’”
 
 If a penetrative injury occurs by a sharp object (e.g. a knife, scalpel, saw or drill in Biology, Design and Technology or the Art departments or in a kitchen) occurs in school  the “sharp” may be contaminated with bodily fluid and must be disposed of correctly in the correct container:
 
· A Sharps’ container is available in Surgery.
This section also deals with the unlikely event of anyone at Cottesmore  School becoming in contact with a discarded needle or syringe whilst cleaning or collecting litter.
The main hazards from cuts and piercing injuries are HBV – Hepatitis B Virus, HCV – Hepatitis C Virus, HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Tetanus. The likelihood of HIV infection is remote.
· When collecting litter, litter picks should be used wherever and whenever practicable. Any sharps found are to be placed directly and very carefully into an approved sharps’ container.
· No attempt should ever be made to bend, break, cut or otherwise tamper with sharps.
· Sharps’ containers should be handled or transported any more than is absolutely necessary. They should be secured whilst being transported to avoid damage to the container and subsequent spillage.
· Arrangements are made to ensure that sealed sharps containers are disposed of in a safe manner, by arrangement with the school doctor.
· The Headmaster should be notified of all circumstances where any sharps are disposed of.
· Accidents should always be recorded in the Accident Book.
· In the event of injury caused by potentially contaminated needles or sharps’:-
                    Bleeding should be encouraged;
              The site should be wash with running water;
The person involved will immediately visit a GP or the local hospital   Casualty Department and inform them of the circumstances of the incident. Advice should then be given on any further treatment that may be necessary.
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Infection control table 
 The Nurse, in liaison with the School’s Medical Officer and Health Protection Agency, will provide current information about the recommended period any children/staff with specific infectious diseases should be kept away from School.
 
Female Staff – Pregnancy 
 In general, if a pregnant woman develops a rash or is in direct contact with someone with a potentially infectious rash, it is recommended they seek advice from their GP. The greatest risk to pregnant women from such infections comes from their own child/children rather than the workplace. Specifically, medical advice should be sought if a pregnant woman comes into contact with chicken pox (if she has not had the infection), German measles (Rubella), slapped cheek (Parvovirus B19) or measles.
 
Immunisation 
 A pupil’s immunisation status will be checked against the National Schedule at School entry and updated annually. Records will be kept and updated by the Nurse.
 
Vulnerable children 
 Some medical conditions make children vulnerable to infections that would rarely be serious in most children, these include: those being treated for leukaemia or other cancers, those on high doses of steroids by mouth and those with conditions that reduce immunity. The staff will normally have been made aware of any children in School with these conditions. These children will be particularly vulnerable to chicken pox or measles and if a vulnerable child is exposed to either, the staff will inform the parent/guardian promptly and will be advised to consult their own doctor/consultant.
 
Animals 
Animals may carry infections. Health and Safety Executive guidelines for protecting the health and safety of pupils should be followed.
In School, whether permanent or visiting, animals’ living quarters should be kept clean and away from food areas. Waste should be disposed of regularly and litter boxes not accessible to children. Young people should not play with animals unsupervised. Particular care should be taken with reptiles as all species carry salmonella.
Following an animal bite pupils/staff should go immediately to the hospital or doctors surgery.
 
 
This policy applies to the staff, Prep, Pre-prep and EYFS at Cottesmore School.
This policy will be reviewed annually by the School Nurse.
Reviewed 20/04/2015